Karl Marx

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Karl William Marx is an American martial artist and creator of a martial art called "Keichu-Do."

The following is an article written by samurai_steve (Judah Maccabee) detailing the results of a lengthy investigation into Marx, Keichu-Do, and other associated areas. This article was originally published in February 2007.


Contents

Introduction

Who is Karl William Marx?


Karl W. Marx is not the famous historical figure who wrote "The Communist Manifesto." That's Karl H. Marx.


Karl W. Marx is a martial arts instructor from Louisiana who makes bold claims about himself and his martial art "Keichu-Do" (aka "Cajun Karate") including that he is the "Father of American Karate." In fact, Marx asserts that his Keichu-Do method of fighting is the first American martial art ever invented, and that he crafted it without any Oriental/Asian influences.


Marx takes great pride not only in his self-created martial art, but also in his academic and publishing credentials. He repeatedly mentions his three published books, his college and graduate degrees, and a number of articles written about him and Keichu-do. On various Keichu-Do sites, Marx and his senior students write that Keichu-Do is the official martial art of Louisiana, and that there was once a "Keichu-Do Day" in Louisiana on July 30th, 1997.


Within Marx's three published works ("Martial Arts Therapy", "If I Can Do It, Anyone Can", and "Martial Arts Spirit"), Marx also makes a number of claims that are almost too good to be true. He speaks of healing abilities through touch that resemble Christlike capabilities (though he never actually uses that analogy). He discusses how he became a pimp in several Louisiana towns, and describes various fist-fights he got into while acting as a bouncer or while he was in the Navy.


This article and investigation seeks to look at the merit of Marx's claims and accomplishments, particularly those revolving around his accomplishments in the martial arts.


Executive Summary

Karl W. Marx is a martial arts instructor, evangelical Christian minister, and author who is responsible for creating the martial art "Keichu-Do (KD)," a Christian-oriented art that is also known as Cajun Karate. Born August 10th, 1936, Marx and his students claim that KD was first formally taught in 1960. Marx also claims that he is the "True Father of American Karate" because he created KD without prior experience in any Karate method. On other occasions, Marx, his students, or writers that interviewed them have stated that KD was the official martial art of Louisiana and implied that there was an official "Keichu Day" holiday in 1997. Marx claims a 10th-Dan rank in KD and assumed the title of "Soke" (headmaster) before passing it on to his son, V. V. Marx.


In his three published works, Marx has made a number of claims ranging from the prosaic to the outrageous. In one book, Marx claims that he was a nationally famous bouncer that had only one loss out of 57 years of fighting, all while holding an IQ of 185 and being a former member of the "Cajun mob." In another book, Marx says that diseases like mononucleosis and Multiple Sclerosis have psychosomatic origins, such as "prolonged seething and resentment," rather than a biological/viral/genetic origin. Marx has also claimed to have healed hundreds of people by touch.


Based on testimony from parties such as Louisiana state government employees, Marx's claims of official state recognition for KD are conclusively false, while claims of a criminal background can be called into question. Marx is also shown to have repeatedly plagiarized his own works and published them in other places without indicating their prior publication. Further, two of Marx's three books are works written in the late 1970's and published in 2004-2005 with little to no revision or update, showing that Marx is trying to profit off of out-of-date works of dubious authority.


How Bullshido Became Involved

Karl W. Marx and his Keichu Do fighting method first appeared on Bullshido.net in August of 2003 when a site member posted an excerpt from a KD website explaining why Marx was considered the "True Father of American Karate." That initial post (http://www.bullshido.net/forums/showthread.php?t=5340) only generated 24 responses from other members, and an additional 13 when it was brought up again in September of 2004. However, in November of 2005, a KD student by the name of KeichuVangaurd (SIC) registered at the site to defend his art and his sensei, spurring further discussion. 700 posts later, Marx and his KD method are still roundly ridiculed on Bullshido for a variety of reasons.


Some members objected to the idea of Christian martial arts; others to the factual accuracy of Marx's claim of being the "Father of American Karate." Others disputed the efficacy of techniques that were posted by KD students, accompanied by pictures and descriptions. For a variety of reasons, there was few, if any positive recognition of KD or of Marx by regular Bullshido members.


My interest in Karl W. Marx and KD did not begin from the Bullshido posts, but from a completely different direction. As a college undergraduate during 2004-2005, I was researching for a thesis on the psychosocial benefits of martial arts (in other words, how martial arts can promote good mental health). While searching for materials, I came across Marx's book "Martial Arts Therapy" on Amazon.com; the only book that had a title directly related to the concepts I was writing about. I paid $13 for the book and began reading it.


For reasons that will be elaborated further in this article, I was not satisfied with the quality of "MAT" and wondered how this work, written by a Ph.D, was published. It was at this time that I came across Bullshido's posts on the matter and began keeping track of the informal investigation of Marx by various members. Eventually, I bought Marx's other two published books ("Martial Arts Spirit" and "If I Can Do It, Anyone Can") and began searching out other written works of his on the Internet.


After inquiring with various parties and otherwise scrutinizing Marx and Keichu Do, I felt that I had enough material to credibly write an article on these topics. This article constitutes over one year of research into Marx, Keichu-Do, and all associated areas. I have done my best to include page numbers in written works, working links to online sources, and an overall detailed explanation with how I found out certain bits of information.


This article allows the reader to read Marx's stated claims followed by an analysis of those claims on the following page. I have tried very hard not to criticize or challenge Marx's statements from a difference in values (such as the validity of Christian martial arts), but rather, from an inconsistency between his claims and the historical record.


Although I have received assistance from others to varying degrees, the conclusions here are my own. In the event that future evidence disproves one or more of my conclusions, I will make a correction to this article and indicate that such a change has occurred. I am not out to belittle Karl W. Marx, and my article should not be construed in any way, shape, or form to be libelous, or otherwise defamatory to Marx.


That being said, feel free to progress to the first section!


Table of Contents

Introduction

Executive Summary

How Bullshido Became Involved

Table of Contents

“If Anyone Can Do It, I Can” - Summary and Analysis

Fight Record and Martial Claims

Inconsistencies and Issues with Fight Record and Martial Claims

Keichu-Do Karate – The Official State Martial Art?

Keichu-Do Karate - Was there A State Holiday?

Educational Credentials

Educational Credentials – Problems with the record

Educational Claims - Gross Deficiencies in Marx's "Ph.D" Work

Educational Claims - Marx's Self Plagarism

Keichu-Do Karate – Overview and Explanation (including historical claims)

Keichu Accreditation Documents

Keichu Accreditation Documents – Possible issues

Karl Marx's Really Wild Beliefs, Occult and Otherwise See: "Martial Arts Spirit"

List of Conclusions

Appendix A: Marx and Self Plagarism

Appendix B Archived Materials


"If I Can Do It, Anyone Can": Summary and Reaction

"If I Can Do It, Anyone Can" - Summary

"If I Can Do It, Anyone Can" (hereafter referred to as "IIC") is an autobiographical work by Karl W. Marx, written in 2004 and published (like his other two books) by Fifth Estate Press. The book is 186 pages, and includes several sections - an autobiography section, a section of supplemental articles, and a final section with a letter from a psychologist substantiating Marx's claim that he has an IQ of 185.


The autobiographical section of the book is written from a 3rd-person point of view, where Marx refers to himself as "The Kid." Marx's work covers his life from childhood to the present day. It discusses the experiences that inspired him to create Keichu-Do, experiences that brought him to become an evangelical Christian, and the like. It includes his accounts of being in the US Navy, of being a bouncer in Louisiana, and his account of being a pimp.


Of Marx's 3 published works, "IIC" is the least instructional in terms of teaching from knowledge. However, it is also the work that makes the greatest appeal to readers based on events from Marx's life; a teach-by-example-and-experience, if you will.


“If Anyone Can Do It, I Can” – Reaction

Given that Marx was born in 1936 or alternately 1937, it's more difficult to fact-check some of his claims in "IIC." Also, checking someone's claims like they were a pimp would be difficult or impossible without some sort of criminal record or court proceeding that established them as such. Given this fact, many of the claims in "IIC" can only be analyzed with a common-sense approach.


Here is a small listing of claims Marx makes in "IIC:"


  • Claims that he shattered both of a man’s hands, once by hitting the top of the hand, a second time by headbutting the other hand. (P. 7)


  • Claims ninja-like traits, such as keeping pepper and/or rocks in his pocket to throw in the face of assailants. Says he never lost a street or barroom fight in 13 years and has only lot one fight in 57 years to someone named Earl Adair in the 7th Pacific Fleet in 1958. (P. 7)


  • Claims to have nearly punched someone off of a Navy ship, and also claims to have punched out a superior officer in the Navy (P. 24-25)


  • Claims to have possibly killed a pimp in another country (P. 46-47)


  • Claims to have miraculously healed hundreds of people using "Silva Mind Control" techniques (P. 115)


This isn't a complete listing, but a listing of some of the most notable/astounding claims in "IIC."


An ambiguous aspect of "IIC" is the question of Marx believing in the accuracy and truth of his own stories. In several places in the book, such as the pimp-killing portion on P. 46-47, he provides details about how he killed the pimp in the undisclosed overseas location, but then finishes off the paragraph by saying "At least that's the story his friends told him." Marx tries to address this in the closing section of his book:


P. 140: OK! I'll tell you who the Kid is. His name is Karl William Marx. Yes, I am that Kid. This story is true to the best of my knowledge. Some of the stories are questionable, as friends told them to me; I think they were friends HA! I cannot believe I did some of those things. If I could find and eliminate all the exaggerations in this story, I might noy have but three pages for you to read. I am supposed to have defeated a Japanese Karate Champion [ed. note - an incident referred to in P. 27-30]. Yeah right! Be real, I was elected president of the Cowards-Yellow Bellies-and Chicken Doodoo's Man or mouse Association for a lifetime.


In essence, Marx has stated that some, if not all of the stories are subject to error and incorrectness. With some stories, like punching out a superior naval officer and getting in trouble for it (P. 25), there would likely be corroboration in Marx's naval record. For claims like the one that he only lost 1 fight in 57 years (a fight that, by his account, lasted 90 minutes from start to finish, P. 7-8 and 36-44 [yes, Marx wrote nearly 10 pages about his fight with a man named Earl Adair!]), we know from other sources that that is conclusively false, as he lost 7 fights as a boxer (See section "Karl Marx's Fighting Prowess"). For claims regarding national recognition as a bouncer (P. 62), those are for the most part, unverifiable without testimony from other people.


Something worth noting in "IIC" is the presence of Judo and Jujitsu, but a lack of Keichu-do in regards to techniques that Marx uses against assailants. In at least four instances of the book, Marx makes reference to his Judo or Jujitsu skills in regards to his opponents: P. 39 (refusal to use jujitsu or combatives on Earl Adair), P. 51 (mentions major inner reap aka Ouchi Gari), P. 71 (mentions the willingness to choke a pimp to death with jujitsu techniques), and P. 126 (mentions Ippon Seio Nage, aka one arm shoulder throw). At several other points in the book, Marx mentions tactics such as sucker-punching (going so far as to declare himself the king of sucker punches, P. 59), but never alludes to them as being part of the Keichu-do curriculum.


Other claims that would be difficult or impossible to verify would be his abilities as a miracle-healer (p. 115); that a contract was out for his life (p. 116); that there are pending criminal charges against him that keep him from commenting on certain matters (p. 88); or that he beat up a genuine Karate master using dirty fighting techniques (p. 27-30; a story he claims may or may not have happened). Not to mention his claims of being a pimp (p. 88) Criminal record checks in the 13th Judicial District (Vernon Parish, Leesville LA), 14th Judicial District (Parish of Calcasin, Lake Charles, LA), and the 15th Judicial District, (Arcadia Parish, Crowley, LA) during the fall of 2006 turned up no record of criminal convictions for Mr. Marx under his name and birthdate. Since Louisiana does not allow us us to run a statewide criminal record check, however, it is possible that if Mr. Marx was convicted of a crime, it happened in a place other then these locations where he used to live and work. Similarly if he was arrested, but never convicted in these places, we would not be able to turn up this information through our criminal record check. So in conclusion, while we could not locate any criminal convictions for him in these locations, which makes part of his autobiography slightly less likely, there are a number of valid reasons why his pimping and other misbehavior would not have shown up in the court records we had searched.


However in contrast with Marx's ambiguity over how true his stories are, the stories themselves contain a large amount of graphic detail - how he hit a football player in the occipital muscle (p. 64); the specific muscles and bones he damaged in the Japanese Karate Champion's face (p. 30, "maxillary bone and cartilage of the upper jaw"), and so on. You can draw your own conclusions over how ambiguous these stories are, given the graphic detail that Marx provides.


Claims that I've not commented on revolve more around Marx's evangelical beliefs - his claims that a life with real joy is impossible without Jesus Christ (p. 12), or equating Mormonism with Hare Krishnas, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Moonies, Unitarians, etc. (p. 112). They are removed from issues concerning Marx's abilities as a martial artist and his credibility as an author and writer. Other issues concern Marx's claimed involvement in organized crime in Louisiana (Chapter Six and elsewhere).


"If I Can Do It, Anyone Can" - Findings

To return back to the germane issues and summarize findings.


1. Marx claims in "IIC" that he only lost one fight, whereas in an article about him, his boxing record reflects seven losses in the ring. In terms of verifiable evidence, his "only one fight lost" claim is demonstrably false.


2. For someone that invented Keichu-do and claims to have created it without influence from "Oriental arts," Marx makes frequent reference to such arts in the book. In fact, the "Adair Incident" Marx refers to predates his official date of teaching Keichu-do to the public (Aug. 10th, 1960); the Adair incident occurred in 1958 ("IIC", p. 8). Since Marx claims he refrained from using Jujitsu, or at least, jujitsu-type techniques on Adair (P. 39 - "the Kid refused to use Jiu-Jitsu, type echniques, he pickedup while he was in Boot camp), he'd had some grounding in Asian martial arts prior to his creation and promotion of Keichu-do


3. Marx has claimed to have been, at varying times, a pimp, a bouncer, a Navy sailor, a near-unbeatable fighter, a miracle healer, and a possible killer.


4. Marx simultaneously imbues his stories with intricate detail and ambiguity, making them questionable as to their accuracy and value.


5. Criminal background checks in some Louisiana jurisdictions did not turn up a record for Karl W. Marx.


Karl Marx's Fight Record and Martial Claims

Karl W. Marx makes a number of sweeping claims about his capabilities as a fighter in many contexts, from the time he says he was in the US Navy to the time he was a bouncer in various Louisiana establishments. In the introductory portion of his work "If I Can Do It, Anyone Can", Marx makes these two explicit claims:


1. Marx says he never lost a barroom brawl or street fight in 13 years.

2. Marx also says he only ever lost one such fight in 57 years: To another sailor, Earl Adair, during Marx's stint in the Navy during 1958 (when Marx was about 22; p. 7).


This latter claim is coupled with a long-running description in the same book, starting on page 36 and ending 8 pages later. By Marx's account, Adair nearly ripped out one of his eyes, sucker-punched him repeatedly, and all-in-all dominated the fight until Marx conceded. This was a fight that Marx says took 90 minutes to finish (p. 8), mostly because the fight was interrupted twice - once by an officer appearing on deck, and once when Earl Adair insisted on changing the venue of the fight.


While Marx may have lost to Adair during his Navy stint, other opponents of his did not fair so well. Marx mentions at least two occasions where he punched out other shipmates, including a superior officer (p. 24-25). A 3-page account of a fight between him and a Japanese karate master ends up with Marx the victor through dirty-fighting tactics (P. 27-30). Marx even alludes to a fatal encounter between him and a pimp in another country (p. 46).


Even after his Naval career, Marx expounds further on his pugilistic prowess, but now within the context as a professional bouncer. He describes how he used a judo throw against a football player (p. 51), how he is the "King of sucker punches" (p. 59). He even discusses how he scared football players out of even wanting to fight by saying he'd break their knees and keep them from being in the pros (p. 60). Such prowess, he claims, made him a nationally known bouncer (p. 62).


According to an official bio of Marx (http://www.usadojo.com/biographies/karl-marx.htm), he also claims an elite level of accomplishment in world competition:

Also in 1982 Soké Marx was rated #1 in Fighting, Kata, and Weapons by a World Karate Organization. He won the State Championship's in Louisiana, and Texas, and the National Weapons Championship in the Masters Division.


Further substantiation of these competitive accomplishments were not available at this time of writing, such as who was running these tournaments, who other competitors might have been, and what rules he fought under.


An article written about Marx at worldblackbelt.com (http://www.worldblackbelt.com/pages/oct04.04_karlmarx.asp) claims that Marx boxed both in amateur and pro boxing, and began teaching martial arts at ages 20 and 24:


Marx boxed for thirteen years starting in high school and going on to Golden Gloves and the pros, a total of 133 matches including 89 knockouts as opposed to 7 losses.


He began teaching others these techniques while in the Navy in 1956. Returning to civilian life, in 1960 Marx began teaching the public in Crowley, LA. At first his program was restricted to woman though it quickly expanded to all comers. He still likes to emphasize how the techniques allow someone much smaller to handle bullies. In 1963, Marx started a school in Lake Charles, LA and called the instruction Jui-Jitsu[SIC], but it was still the self developed forward stance method that relied heavily on punches taken from boxing along with using the knees to block kicks.


One other notable claim Marx makes of his martial abilities is his confidence in being able to kill a pimp using his "Jiu-Jitsu Techniques." (p. 71)


Fight Record and Martial Claims - Summary of Stated Claims

The following are a summary of claims made by Marx concerning his fight record and martial prowess:


1. Marx claims to have only lost one fistfight since he started fighting at age 9; that loss was to a fellow sailor named Earl Adair.


2. Marx was a national and world champion in various areas under unknown sanctioning/governing bodies.


3. Marx opened up his own school and started teaching people how to fight in his early 20's.


Inconsistencies and Issues With Fight Record and Martial Claims

As stated, Marx claimed that he had lost only one fistfight in 57 years, meaning he only lost one fight since his youth. Depending on your definition of what constitutes a fist fight, his stated boxing record of 133 total matches with 89 knockouts and 7 losses over a 13 year boxing career show that in sport fighting, he lost 7 times. As someone who has read essentially everything that Marx has ever written, these 7 losses have never appeared in print except for the cited article, to the best of my knowledge. What has appeared in print from Marx on a repeated basis is the "One loss in 57 years." By doing so, Marx implies that he was an unbeatable fighter under all circumstances except for those in the ring. Given that Marx's competitive record shows that he won 95% of his matches, this omission and cover-up is more damaging to his reputation than those seven losses in his youth.


Another significant issue is that of Marx's claims of creating the first American karate style or being the father of American karate. To recap the claims from his USADojo bio:

Keichu-Do is the 1st purely American Martial Art created totally from scratch. Soké Marx is considered to be the "True Father of American Karate" since he never studied Karate from anyone, or earned a Black Belt in a Karate style with an oriental background.


Jeff Martinez, a Keichu black belt, wrote an article in 2002 about this "homegrown" system on an old version of the Keichu-do website:


http://web.archive.org/web/20030321093037/keichu.com/articles/4.html

The point however is that Soké Karl Marx is the first to my knowledge, (and I have asked a lot of big wigs who agree with my research findings.) to create a Karate style from scratch. His Keichu-Do system is composed from his experiences as a street fighter, boxer, bouncer, body guard, and Judo and Ju-Jitsu back ground. Marx began his self-defense experience in 1945 and taught his first lesson to one of his friends 1957. His friend was so successful in his next fist fight, others wanted to learn how to defend themselves by Marx's method. It wasn't however until 1960 that Soké Marx began to teach publicly. This makes Marx the first American, and certainly the first Cajun Louisiana man to formulate a fighting art. What is, in fact equally unique, is that he was not ever a student of Karate. Therefore Marx is considered by most authorities to be THE REAL FATHER OF ( AMERICAN ) KARATE. He did after all create an all American Karate style, not taken from Oriental experiences.


According to Martinez, because Marx began instructing people in martial arts in his early 20's, based on his 11 years of fighting experience starting from age 9, and teaching lessons during his Navy service in his early 20's, this constitutes "making one's own style." And the fact that Marx hadn't learned formal karate made this "new style" free from Oriental influences.


However, In the same paragraph quoted above, Martinez acknowledges the influence of "Oriental styles" on Keichu-Do, even if Marx never took "Oriental Karate"

While there are a lot of Judo techniques in the ground fighting area of the art and a great deal of Ju-Jitsu looking techniques, that some organizations claim makes Keichu aJu-Jitsu Art (SIC), It (SIC) is considered to be a Karate style.


So, some organizations that Martinez acknowledges don't recognize this Cajun Karate as karate at all. I could call Judo a striking art all I want because there are some striking techniques in the curriculum, but that does not make it accurate. You can't call something "Karate" if there's no Karate in it!


If we look at some other sources, we find that even they don't necessarily acknowledge Marx as the "Father of American Karate."


The Keichu-do school where Marx teaches is in Santa Maria, CA. In the local newspaper, there was an article on an Andy Wilson, a student at Marx's school. Part of that article discussed Pat Rivers, a writer for Black Belt Magazine. Rivers approached Wilson (a Keichu-do student), but acknowledged someone else as the father of American karate:


http://www.santamariatimes.com/articles/2005/07/08/news/sports/sports45.txt

Pat Rivers, in a Black Belt Magazine article titled "One Giant Leap," details how Wilson stepped away from competition after a successful career on the sport-karate circuit during the 1980s and began envisioning how he and Parker, whom Rivers called "the father of American karate," in the article, could get Parker's International Karate Championships on pay-per-view.


Marx's only presence in that article was background information and a quote. At no point was the possibility of him being the Father of American Karate raised, only Ed Parker.


Even on USADojo.com, where Marx's official bio is listed with the claim of "being the true father of American Karate", a look at the listing of biographies shows two people listed as "Fathers of American Karate:"


http://www.usadojo.com/biographies/biographies-individuals.htm


STEPHEN F. KAUFMAN Founding Father of American Karate GRAND MASTER ROBERT A. TRIAS The Father of American Karate


Note that Grandmaster Karl Marx's only notation is "Keichu-Do."


If we ask Bullshido's own LORD ASIA, a soldier, professional martial artist, and layman historian of martial arts, here is his response concerning Marx's claim of being the Father of American Karate:


LORD ASIA: There were MANY MANY MANY servicemen that learned Karate in Japan and Okinawa and brought it back to the states so its EXTREMELY hard to prove that one person was the "Father of American Karate." However Robert Trias is credited for opening the first school in the US. Lastly in all my reading and research on Karate and its development abroad I've NEVER came across Karl Marx's name, EVER. Hell there is more evidence showing John Keahon (Count Dante) spreading and developing Karate in the US than there is on Marx.


Again, there is the comical aspect that someone labels (or allows the labeling of) their martial art with a Japanese term (karate) at the same time they claim they have no ties/links with Oriental Karate. Or that Marx, in the mid 20th century, is regarded to have been the first American to formulate a fighting art. One might suppose that the person who formulated the combatives that Marx learned in the Navy was not American, but in fact Asian (or Oriental, as Marx and others have termed). This is reinforced by a quote from Marx's "If I Can Do It, Anyone Can" - "...the Kid refused to use Jiu-Jitsu, type techniques, he picked up while he was in Boot camp. (p. 39)


Inconsistencies and Issues With Fight Record and Martial Claims - Findings

1. In one source, Marx claims to have only lost one fight. In another source, he has lost at least 7 fights from his boxing career alone. Marx has never acknowledged these boxing losses in any of his book or online publications, to the best of my searching/reading ability.


2. One of Marx's black belt students claims that based on fight experiences beginning at age nine and culminating into fighting lessons Marx taught in his early 20's, Marx invented the first wholly American style of fighting. This is in the same paragraph that acknowledges heavy influences of jiu-jitsu and judo in the curriculum. Further, other articles state that he initially called his fighting methods "jiu-jitsu," and he acknowledges the presence of Jiu-Jitsu-like techniques in his boot camp combatives training.


3. Marx allegedly created a fighting system from scratch, but the facts show that he learned boxing, military combatives, and possibly some judo/jiu-jitsu before declaring that he made his own martial art.


4. On the same website that shows a biography with the claim "True Father of American Karate", the index of biographies specifically labels 2 people with that title. Marx's autobiography also makes frequent references to judo throws and jiu-jitsu techniques in addition to dirty fighting.


5. The justification for Marx making his own art from scratch is based on his martial instruction during his early twenties. Based on the timeline in Marx's autobiography, this means that he likely began teaching people to fight before becoming a bouncer, therefore before he got much of his vaunted experience that makes Keichu-Do an effective martial art.


Keichu-Do: An "Official Martial Art of Louisiana?"

On the Keichu-Do Five Cities website, the following was listed since at least February of 2006, and was present before the school's apparent closure in October of 2006:

As practitioners of the official State Martial Art of Louisiana, our hearts and prayers go out to all those who are suffering as a result of Hurricane Katrina. If you would like to join us in helping those in need, please contact Five Cities Keichu-Do.

Allow me to restate:

official State Martial Art of Louisiana

The Keichu-Do Five Cities school was run by Sensei Prewett. According to the school's site (http://www.keichudo.info/gbstaff.html), Mrs. Prewett has been a Keichu-Do instructor for 4 years. In fact, most of her family has trained in Keichu-do to the point that her 17 year old daughter and her 11 year old son are also instructors at Five Cities.


But let us not get side-tracked by 11 year old black belt instructors. On an official Keichu-Do school website, there is a very specific mention that Keichu-do is "the official State Martial Art of Louisiana." Skeptical, I decided to follow up on this claim.


On June 20th, 2006, I called the State Library of Louisiana and spoke with Charlene Bonnette. I asked her if Louisiana had an official state martial art. She said she wasn't aware of one. I then asked her if she'd ever heard of Keichu-do. She again replied in the negative. In response to this, I mentioned to her that there was a website which made a statement that Keichu-Do was the official martial art of Louisiana. She asked me for my email address and promised to contact me after she did some investigation and checking with her colleagues.


A day later, Charlene stated the following to me:

Dear Steve, The Louisiana Revised Statutes (Louisiana's Laws) does not list an official martial arts. For something to be "Official" it must be listed in the Louisiana Revised Statutes, such as the Official state bird, state song, state drink, etc. These were passed by the Louisiana Legislature and are Acts. There is nothing about an official martial arts or Keichu-Do in the statutes. Our Department Head, who creates a list of the Official Symbols every year, concurred that there is not an official martial art for Louisiana. If you would like to research this further, you can contact the Law Library of Louisiana. they have a website at: http://www.lasc.org/law_library/library_information.asp. I hope this will be helpful. Sincerely, Charlene Bonnette Charlene Bonnette Reference Librarian Louisiana Collection State Library of Louisiana
We did not find any official mention of Keichu-Do in the Official State Symbols. For verification of any Official Status for Keichu-Do, try contacting the legal department of the Secretary of State: http://www.sec.state.la.us/admin/phonebook.htm. Scroll down to Legal Division.


The evidence is very telling. A reference librarian of the State of Louisiana library had never heard of Keichu-Do, and debunked the claim that it was an official martial art.


In fact, Charlene was appreciative that I brought this to her attention, as she'd never heard anything about this before.


Keichu-Do: An "Official Martial Art of Louisiana?" - Findings

To summarize the findings concerning if Keichu-Do is an official martial art of Louisiana:


1. According to a reference librarian at the State Library of Louisiana and her department head were unable to find any reference to any official martial art of Louisiana, much less Keichu-do.


2. Since the department head is the person who officially determines what the official state symbols of Louisiana are, there's no chance at all whatsoever that there could be a mistake.


But if declaring Keichu-Do as an "official state martial art" was audacious enough, what happens when you say there was once a "Keichu Day" in Louisiana?


Keichu-Do Karate – The State Holiday?

As mentioned in the previous section, a Keichu-Do school said that Keichu-do was an official state martial art. Officials within the Louisiana state government said otherwise.


But even if Keichu-do wasn't the official state martial art of LA., it was still celebrated as a state holiday in 1997... right?


That's what Karl W. Marx would have us believe, as would Action Martial Arts Magazine. From an article published in their May/June 1997 issue:


http://www.bullshido.net/forums/showpost.php?p=792474&postcount=89

"The Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the Baldycypress Bayou Swamp, the origination of Tabasco Sauce in 1868, Louie Armstrong's New Orleans jazz, Mardis Gras, and the folklore of the descendants of French settlers from the Acadia region of eastern Canada, called Cajuns--it's all there on display in the Louisiana State Archives as part of America's national heritage. And now, those archives are about to receive the history and memorabilia of an indigenous, homespun, Cajun-American self-defense system called Keichu-Do Karate. That's right, July 30, 1997 has been declared Keichu Day in Louisiana . Enter Soke (founder) Karl Marx."


While the article doesn't directly state that govt. officials in LA. made such a declaration, it certainly would influence someone to believe it to be an official holiday.


Given her helpfulness in the previous Keichu-do inquiry, I solicited Charlene Bonnette's assistance again regarding "Keichu Day" on June 22, 2006.


In two separate responses, Charlene disclosed the following:


First response: We are researching this. We have found nothing "Official" as of yet for an Official Day. It is not listed as a Special Day in the Revised Statutes or as an Executive Order by the Governor (1993 would have been Governor Mike Foster's term). The Louisiana State Archives is mentioned in the quote below. We have contacted them and they are looking to see if they have any information. I will e-mail you back as soon as we hear from them.
Second response: In searching the Resume (this book lists all House and Senate bills, resolutions and concurrent resolutions) from 1995-1997 I did not find any mention of a day dedicated to Keichu-Do. In searching Former Governor Foster's Executive Orders for 1996 and 1997, I did not find any mention of a day dedicated to Keichu-Do. So, for 1995-1997, there were no legislative actions concerning Keichu-Do and no executive actions for 1996-1997.

Once again, Louisiana government officials put the kibosh on the holiday implied in Action Martial Arts Magazine.


Keichu-Do Karate – The State Holiday? - Findings

1. A martial arts magazine implied that there was a recognized holiday when the Louisiana State Archives accepted items from Karl Marx for Keichu-do.


2. In following up with the same officials as consulted for the "Official State Martial Art" issue, they stated that the governor of Louisiana never declared such a day.


3. In a 1-2 year time period that would cover an official declaration of a state holiday, neither the legislative or executive branch made any such motions.


4. There was never a "Keichu Day" in Louisiana.


But wait a second. The quote says that there's a display at the Louisiana State Archives! Isn't there anything about that? Huh?


Yes. In contacting the Louisiana State Archives, I did find out what exactly was in the archives for "an indigenous, homespun, Cajun-American self-defense system called Keichu-Do Karate" (See Appendix B for a detailed list). Suffice it to say, nearly every item in that archive is multiple copies of various martial arts magazines.


Educational Credentials

Karl W. Marx, as mentioned in the introduction, takes great pride in his educational credentials. However, on several occasions, he has provided inconsistent information about those credentials, which will be explored for the next section.

In the meantime, Marx has provided the following educational credentials in the following places. In his most academic published work, "Martial Arts Therapy," Marx indicated his educational background as the following:

In this post in the Keichu-Do thread on Bullshido, Marx gave the following in emails to member Bud Shi Dist [1].

education.gif

If the link is down, it reports the following:


  • 2 BA's from Louisiana College, one in psychology and one in sociology


  • An MA in Recreation and Special Educations


  • A Ph.D in Philosophy from a Greek institution called the International Institute of Human Sciences on the topic "Martial Arts as a Therapeutic and Recreational Process"


Another post:


http://www.bullshido.net/forums/showpost.php?p=812844&postcount=439


  • Bachelor of Arts - Psychology
  • Masters of Science - Recreation major, Special Ed minor


In this last post, one of Marx's students posted Marx's doctoral degrees [2].

Note that the first degree posted has the institution cut off at the top, only allowing a reader to note its location in Kansas City, Missouri.

By this point, it should be obvious that his educational credentials, particularly those involving his doctoral degrees, have an inconsistency depending on which source you look at. This is probed further in the next section.


Educational Credentials – Problems with the Record

As noted in the informational section, Marx's credentials change from occasion to occasion. He omits mentioning some of his degrees, has confused the types of degrees he's gotten, and overall been very reticent and combative over giving further details about his academic background.

Based on the provided degrees from Marx, I have drawn up the following timeline:


  • BA in Psychology - May 18, 1974 - Louisiana College


  • MS in Recreation and a minor in Special Education - May 4, 1979 - Northwestern State University


  • Doctor of Philosophy in Oriental Philosophy - Oct. 28th, 1979 - Unknown institution (assumably from IUM)


  • Greek Laureate - Dec. 5th, 1979 (from The International Institute and Society of Human Services Comparative Civilizations and Parapsychology, Inc; also indicates he had a Ph.D and D.D. at this time)


  • Greek Doctor of Philosophy - May 1, 1980 (International Institute of Human Sciences)


For clarity, "Doctor of Philosophy" is the meaning of the abbreviation "Ph.D" [3].


During his correspondence with Marx, Bud Shi Dist politely asked Marx to substantiate his educational claims. Except for one occasion where he provided greater detail about his BA and MS degrees, he repeatedly dodged BSD's questions and retorted with challenges and with, well... I guess you could call it flames? Insults? Challenges? You decide.[4] [5]


Here, Marx detailed his degrees, but omitted details concerning his Ph.D: [6] [7]

I graduated from Louisiana Collage in only three years, because I studied from two colleges at the same time until I was told to stop. I attended summer school as well. I graduated in 1974 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology. I entered Graduate School at Northwestern State University in 1975. I went to night classes, and entered full time in 1979. At the end of the year I graduated with a Masters of Science degree with Recreation as my Major and Special Education as a Minor. Now in the mean time since 1974 I had been communicating with my friend the President of the then International Black Belt Association. I sent him much of my developmental stages of my style. Then I sent him the completed style at least what I had at that time. The empirical study of my Keichu style. When I turned in my Thesis for my Masters degree there was enough for an actual Dissertation. Subtracting and turning in only what was necessary, I then sent the entire work to my friend in Greece. I had been corresponding with him all during this time. Anyway He defended my dissertation with what he called Proxy something or other it was all Greek to me or Latin


And most notably, here [8]

If my credentials are incorrect than I certainly have been tricked. That means the Institution that sent me a Diploma is at fault not me. I would be a victim. However from the way I see it the degree is real. Just because you feel that something is different done here in America than in Greece doesn't make YOU right. Correspondence course or not doesn't make it wrong. I did all the work myself.


I will take this time to remind you readers that Marx claims an IQ of 185, and even has a letter from a psychologist in one of his books intended to document this fact.


Given that Marx himself was unwilling to shed light on his academic background, several Bullshido members began looking into the legitimacy of his degrees.


Educational Credentials - The Greek Connection

In the summary section, Marx provided what looks like an Education section of a resume, indicating a Ph.D from the International Institute of Human Sciences in Greece. Elsewhere, his student posted a copy of a "Laureate of Humanities in Civilizations" awarded to Marx by "The International Institute and Society of Human Services Comparative Civilizations and Parapsychology, Inc." in December 1979. On this document, Marx is indicated to have both a Ph.D and a D. D. [9]


This post contains the aforementioned "Doctor of Philosophy" from the International Institute of Human Sciences in May 1980. [10]


While investigating the Greek claims, Bullshido member JohnnyFive came up with the following discovery - that the institution that Marx received his doctoral degree from was not part of the Greek educational system: [11]


In response to this discovery, KeichuVangaurd retorts that the school Marx earned his degree from was "lost to war in the region." [12] J5 replies that he found no evidence of war in Greece that would substantiate KV's claims [13]


To recap, Marx indicates he earned two degrees from Greece, despite never having travelled there to do so: A Ph.D and a Laureate. In the case of the Ph.D, Marx himself never defended his work before a committee; he states that the Dean of Students at IIHS, Dr. Jean El Khoury, did so for him. He states that he did "extra credit" while finishing is Masters and sent it off to be recognized. Needless to say, the fact that a student doesn't defend his own work in front of a committee runs counter to the established Ph.D process in many countries. In fact, in the field of psychology at least, it would be impossible to earn a Ph.D without defending it.


Further, this institution shows no record of having existed at all, and the substantiation for this has been shown to be demonstrably false. The fact that Marx received his Ph.D from a different institution than where he earned his Masters, and within one year (May 4th, 1979; then May 1st, 1980) are also questionable.


Based on these facts, it is reasonable to assume that Marx's Greek Ph.D from May 1980 does not come from an accredited institution. Given the similarity in name of the institution that granted Marx his Laureate, it would also be reasonable to assume that this degree should be held in question.


Educational Credentials - Marx's other doctorates

Marx says he was awarded a "Doctor of Philosophy" in Oriental Philosophy in October 1979 by an unspecified school. Given that Marx mentions that he received a degree from the International University of Missouri in "Martial Arts Therapy," and this degree comes from Kansas City, Missouri, we can reasonably assume that this "unspecified" degree came from IUM.


Marx's Greek Laureate degree indicates that he'd earned a D.D. (Doctor of Divinity) at an earlier occasion. However, at no point did Marx ever provide substantiation of having earned such a degree; all the degrees he provided indicated his BA, MS, 2 Ph.Ds and the Laureate. No D.D. degree. Where Marx claims he earned this degree is in doubt, and it's reasonable to assume that without substantiation of this, Marx does not have a Doctor of Divinity in any field.


Having confronted the Greek degrees and giving the BA and MS degrees the benefit of the doubt, we're now left with the Doctor of Philosophy - Oriental Philosophy degree, which, if you recall, came from an unknown institution in Kansas City, Missouri, assumably the International University of Missouri.


Tenebrous, another BS member, searched around for IUM and claimed that IUM was not an accredited school. In my own searching, I was unable to locate a specific institution under that name. The closest I could find was TIU/GIU in Grandview, MO [14].


TIU is now in the process of pursuing the legal status of "Certified to Operate" the same as any regular university in the State of Missouri. TIU has submitted a massive application, consisting of over 2000 documents and 1000 pages of information, back in 1996. MCBHE did fine time to glance over the review, seven years late and determined it was now outdated. Our six months of full time preparation, as well as the financial obligations were in vain, and much of the work would have to be resubmitted.


A look at the degree page [15] indicate that the college has an emphasis on at-home learning, aka correspondence courses. Further inquiry led to this page for online learning [16] and the following listing:

The International University This university will give complete credits for all course work completed by students of Educate Yourself for Tomorrow [Ed - ONLINE LEARNING COURSES]. Earn an associate, bachelor, masters, or even a Ph.d. degree through the Grandview International University. As a student of TIU, you are encouraged to assist in your curriculum selection (you know your own strengths and weaknesses better than anyone else). Each numbered course listed receives five college credits upon successful completion of the study. In lieu of an Undergraduate Thesis, Masters Thesis, or Doctoral Dissertation, the equivalent amount of course work may be substituted. Should the student decide, however, to write a research project, he or she will receive five credits for the research and an additional ten credits for the completed Masters Thesis or Doctoral Dissertation.


The page also includes the benefit of "Non-Traditional Degrees."


Given that TIU/GIU first operated in 1973, it is possible that it is the same place that Marx submitted his work in 1979; to a school with questionable accreditation status that awards non-traditional degrees and allows the awarding of a Ph.D without a dissertation if you take enough coursework.


This is based on the assumption that Marx was honest in saying he got a Doctor's Degree from IUM in his book "Martial Arts Therapy."


Based on these discoveries and reasonings, it's plausible to conclude that Marx's Ph.D in Oriental Philosophy can be assumed to be invalid.


An additional consideration is the issue of how quality Marx's doctoral work is. Given that "Martial Arts Therapy" is a republication of his 1979 thesis, I can briefly say that it was not of a doctoral caliber and likely would not have passed muster at any reputable institution, no matter how well defended. This is discussed more in the sections dealing with "MAT," but feeds into the reasonable assumption that these degrees were from places of low academic standing and/or questionable accreditation.


Educational Credentials - Recap

Timeline of Marx's claimed degrees:

  • BA - May 18, 1974
  • MS - May 4, 1979
  • Doctor of Philosophy - Oriental Philosophy - Oct. 28th, 1979 (assumably IUM)
  • Greek Laureate - Dec. 5th, 1979 (indicates he had a Ph.D and D.D. at this time)
  • Greek Ph.D - May 1, 1980


Greek Degrees:

1. The institution from where Marx earned a Ph.D in Greece has no evidence of existence.


2. Even if such a place existed, Marx has clearly stated he never personally defended his thesis to a committee, counter to the procedures for getting a Ph.D at basically every school in basically every field.


3. Marx's laureate is also of dubious provenance.


American Degrees and Other Info'


1. Marx's Bachelors and Masters may be reasonably assumed to be legitimate.


2. Marx has never personally specified where his Ph.D in Oriental Philosophy came from, and the proof he provided has cut off the name of the institution. This is assumed to be the International University of Missouri, based on his book "Martial Arts Therapy."


3. Based on reasonable assumption and research, IUM is a non-accredited school that primarily focuses on correspondence courses and awards Ph.D's without doing research.


4. Marx was fairly defensive over scrutiny into his academic background.


5. Marx's timeline indicates that within one year after being awarded an MS in Recreation, he received two Ph.D's and a Laureate, indicating either exceptional talent and ability (unlikely) or the use of diploma mills (more likely).

(RESUME EDITING HERE)

MARX'S CLAIMED PH.D DISSERTATION IS GROSSLY DEFICIENT

"Martial Arts Therapy" (hereafter refered to as MAT for this section) is the most scholarly of Marx's 3 published works. Although no online listing of the book indicates this, this work is a republication of a doctoral thesis that Marx submitted in 1979.

"MAT" is in essence, a two-part book. The first part is a longer exposition on why martial arts can be of therapeutic benefit to a variety of populations. This includes children with mental or physical disabilities, juvenile delinquents, and the population at large. The second part is a more technical section, describing how a martial-arts therapy program would be implemented within a community setting.

"Martial Arts Therapy" Analysis & Critique

One aspect of "MAT" that's immediately noticeable is it's relative thinness. For a work submitted for a doctoral degree, it's a relatively short book, about 80-90 pages. Additionally, an analysis of the sourcing for this work shows that there are about 40 cited sources of varying quality. These citations include:

  • Non-academic sources like Black Belt Magazine (p. 13)
  • Author citations without indicating the source and/or year of publication for the work (p. 21, 23, 33, 44, and others)
  • At least 5 instances where he makes a cited statement, but does not provide any information as to where it came from

To offer a comparison, an honors thesis I wrote and submitted for a BA degree in psychology contained over 45 citations, predominately from peer-reviewed journals, and all of which contained the author's name, year of publication, title of publication, and other information in accordance with the conventions of APA Style writing. A work meant for a doctoral degree would be expected to far surpass a work intended for a BA/BS, or even an MA/MS degree, regardless of the field of study. Additionally, citing sources without relevant information is a huge deal in academic writing, which calls into question what kind of institution would accept a work with this kind of inaccurate referencing.

An additional issue lies with where Marx got his information from. In 1979, there was not the same amount of research on the therapeutic benefits martial arts as there is today, though even today, the field still suffers a relative dearth of research & investigation. However, several landmark studies had been completed in the 60's and 70's that laid the foundation for future research; many of these studies are still cited in research in the 90's and in the 21st century. However, they are glaringly absent from Marx's own work.

3 studies that should have been in "MAT" include:

Kroll, W., & Carlson, B. (1967). Discriminant function and hierarchial grouping analysis of karate participants' personality profiles. Research Quarterly, 38, 405-411.

Kroll, W., & Crenshaw, W. (1970). Multivariate personality profile analysis of four athletic groups. In Kenyon, G.S. (Ed.), Contemporary Psychology of Sport (pp. 97-106). Chicago: Chicago Athletic Institute.

Duthie, R. B., Hope, L., & Barker, D. G. (1978). Selected personality traits of martial artists as measured by the adjective checklist. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 47, 71-76.

Each of these three studies were among the first to scientifically examine psychosocial features of martial artists, as well as compare them to the population at large or different sporting groups. They helped shape future studies that looked at psychosocial outcomes from training in martial arts to determine if such training was beneficial or harmful to participants. Given that Marx wrote a doctoral work on such a topic, the omission of these and other studies from that time is noteworthy. Granted, there is no obligation to use certain sources for a published work. However, this occurrence is similar to a situation where someone would write a book on behavioral psychology without mentioning B. F. Skinner, or discuss cognitive dissonance without referencing Leon Festinger.

A final, significant issue with "MAT:" Marx originally wrote the work in 1979, republished it in 2005. Despite over 25 years of additional research into the topic, Marx didn't bother to add new material to the work; he republished his work verbatim with typos, grammatical errors, and all. If one neglected the disclaimer that the book was a republishing from 1979, or didn't notice all the sources were from the 60's and 70's, one might assume that this work was a state-of-the-art publication on martial arts therapy. This does not even address his problems with self plagiarism which I placed into Appendix A Short version: a legitimate Ph.D would know not to plagiarize his earlier writings!

To summarize the major analysis & critique of Marx's work:

1. Marx used a quantity and quality of citations that appear to be less than expected for a doctoral-level work.

2. Of those utilized citations, a minority of them have critical omissions of information such as the year of publication or the source from which they were cited.

3. Marx neglected to include several studies in his thesis that were directly relevant to the topic and were, at the time, the best available scientific views on the psychosocial aspects of martial arts.

4. Even when better studies became available, Marx chose not to update his work after 25 years and republished it as if the research from 1960-1980 was still the most relevant material for his book.

Despite these negative features of "MAT," the fact that Marx wrote on the topic and tried to promote it is noteworthy in itself. Even to this day, a significant amount of information on how martial arts benefits people is anecdotal or based on a case-study approach (as in, "I knew a kid who was crazy with ADD, but he took martial arts, and now he's valedictorian. Thanks, Tae kwon do!"). Marx's investigation into this area, however flawed, should be noted primarily because it was a relatively innovative inquiry at that time.


KARL MARX'S WILD BELIEFS, OCCULT AND OTHERWISE

"Martial Arts Spirit" (hereafter referred to as "MAS") is a compendium of letters published in book format in 2004. The book is divided into two sections. The first section has 8 chapters, each of contain separate letters sent from Marx to a Sensei Mark S. Williams between 1974 and 1978. The second section has three short articles by Keichu-do Sensei Linda McCoy, and supplemental articles by Marx.

To put this work into context, Marx would be in his late 30's-early 40's. Marx's bio indicates that in 1974, Marx and his Keichu-do system were recognized by Robert Trias' United States Karate Association (USKA), with Marx receiving the rank of 6th Dan ([url]http://www.usadojo.com/biographies/karl-marx.htm)[/url]. According to the same bio, Marx was also recognized as a 10th Dan by the International Black Belt Association in 1974 as well.

In the first section, each letter broaches a different subject that Marx wrote about to Sensei Williams that were directly or indirectly related to Keichu-Do. In a sense, this is Marx's most philosophical work, as it contains the foundational knowledge that Marx based his martial art around. Marx expounds on topics such as the psychological/psychosomatic basis of most diseases, the divine origin of the phenomenon commonly called "ki," and a detailed exposition of what Marx calls "Mental Attacks."

As this work is a compendium of letters, there is not much of a focal point or main theme that organizes the work other than providing an explanation of what went into Keichu-Do about 15 years after it was first taught publically.


Martial Arts Spirit - Analysis and Critique

This portion of the investigation is divided into separate sections after the introduction:

1. Marx's Involvement in the Occult 2. Ki and its Divine Origins 3. The Psychosomatic Origin of Physical and Mental Disease 4. Miscellaneous Tidbits

Of Marx's 3 works, this work is in my opinion, the book most representative of Marx, even more so than his autobiographical "If I Can Do It, Anyone Can." Similar to "IIC," Marx offers a disclaimer in the introductory portion of the book:

P. x

[quote]It has been about 24 years since I began work on this book. My life has changed a lot in that time. I have matured a great deal in my Christian walk and even became ordained as an Evangelist Pastor. A lot pf this was written at a time of my not really knowing enough about my responsibilities as a Christian. Much of this treatise was written concerning not particularly Christian literature, but many Occult beliefs... Perfect Liberty, Silva Mind Control, and others.

That aside, there is a great deal of truth in most of this work. In many places I have rewritten and changed words and placed the correct Christian explanation. (Italicized emphasis not in book) Some of you might find parts that are not of your particular denomination, and some might be offended, I pray not. Others may find your minds stretched to the limit with information not yet known or accepted by the public, or media. (Italicized emphasis not in book) There is some HEAVY brain input here, if you find something you feel is unbiblical, disregard it. If you don't agree, that doesn't mean you're correct. Let the Bible be your guide.[/quote]

Before continuing further, let us re-read the italicized portions of the text above. Marx openly admits to going back to his letters and editing their content, ostensibly to change the occultist references in his original work to a correct Christian understanding. We have an open acknowledgment from Marx that these letters are not necessarily the same as original works. Marx also gives a "Special Acknowledgment" to a Mr. Matthew Hickman who Marx says "did all my typing for the book... (p. xii)."

This caveat is strikingly similar to the one provided in "IIC" about Marx saying that the stories were true to the best of his knowledge, but that maybe some of them were made up by his friends. It gives the reader no basis to determine the accuracy of the text and the statements it makes, and it gives Marx an out if he is called out on some of the work. One would expect that if this book were 24 years in the making, Marx would've had enough time to make all the necessary corrections and remove the portions he desired.

That being said, let's move on.

[i]Marx's Involvement in the Occult[/i]

In the book, Marx provides details as to his involvement in the occult with greater detail than that in "IIC." He specifically mentions two cults that he was involved with - Silva Mind Control and Perfect Liberty.

On page 13 of the text/letter, Marx openly acknowledges that "The mental aspect of Keichu's philosophy was founded many years ago in Japan... [by] Master Tokumitsu Kanada, who taught Master Tokuharu Miki, the Father of the present Spiritual Supreme Grand Master whom we call Oshieoya-sama, Tokuchika Miki." At the bottom of the same page, Marx indicates in parentheses that he was involved in the cult as a minister "...until Christ Jesus brought me back to reality." The following are two links that provide information on Perfect Liberty (PL):

[url]http://web.perfect-liberty.or.jp/testimon/trter2.html[/url] [url]http://web.perfect-liberty.or.jp/oshieoya.html[/url]

From the 2nd link:

[quote]Oshieoyasama individually teaches PL members the cause of their misfortune, sickness and unhappiness through Divine Instructions and consultation. You will learn exactly what you should do to change yourself and your situation. For example, you may want to know why you have high blood pressure or why your son is failing in school and what you should do to change these situations. [/quote]

On page 17, Marx uses a term from PL called Mishirase. At this link ([url]http://web.perfect-liberty.or.jp/testimon/trter6.html)[/url], one learns that Mishirase is interpreted as a divine warning. Marx interprets it as "...the wicked shall not go unpunished." In a later exposition concerning Ki (which will be addressed in a subsequent section), Marx uses the term "Perfect Liberty" four times on the same page (p. 51), as well as a reference to "Perfect Liberation." Another PL reference can be found on p. 70.

Although Marx brings up "Silva Mind Control," he doesn't mention it as responsible for his theories on healing touch as he did in "IIC." This is either an omission at the time or an edit done on a more complete level than that done for "Perfect Liberty." In the case of PL, Marx basically inserted parenthetical remarks or qualifying statements after most of these references to make it more Christian.


[i]Ki and its divine origins.[/i]

Although current materials on the Keichu-do site make little, if any reference to the phenomenon known as Ki, Marx makes significant mentions of it in "MAS." It underlies his theories on everything from the ability to heal through touch to how it can affect the physical and mental constitution of someone from birth to death. For the purposes of this investigation, I'll only touch on notable or egregious mentions of the phenomenon, as looking at Ki alone in this book would merit its own separate work.

Marx first mentions "Ki" on page 15 of "MAS" and says that Ki is a divine gift from G-d to Man, and initially describes it as the essence of life. Several pages later on 22, Marx says he's going to attempt to describe Ki scientifically.

(At this point, I will pause so that veteran Bullshido members can get their in-flight sickness pouches [aka "barf bags"] ready)

For page 22, Marx redefines ki as mental energy and asks "...what is this force? What is this energy?" He continues on the following page:

Page 23

[quote]You recall the basic laws of physics, which state that sound, heat and, light are forces [SIC]. So, too, is thought (a form of ki). Thought is in part a force which scientists believe may prove to be far more powerful than any other in proportion to the amount of energy expended at one time. [/quote]

Page 24

[quote]"Ok, Soke Marx, but where does the electricity come from that makes our body appliances work? There is no electrical outlet in which we plug." Ah, but there is, however, a built-in source of electricity, Mark, that you use every living moment, a source that supplies more energy than all aspects of your life could possibly require.

(editorial dramatic pause)

It is a kind of lifetime battery; this is G-d's Golden Gift to us - our brain. [/quote]

For the next 20 pages, Marx doesn't bother to cite scientists who've researched and believe in ki, nor does he elaborate on the methods of measuring ki or quantifying it other than its an energy within the body akin to sound, heat, and light.

P. 46-47

[quote]Let us assume for any reason you desire, that this power or Ki is a form of energy. What makes energies? Where does the energy come from?...[skipped several paragraphs] If as we said, Ki is energy, super charged, cosmic, or otherwise, Ki must have a starting point or source, right?... G-d is this source. [/quote]

P. 50

[quote]...G-d is our service station [where we can fill our ki as needed], as G-d is the source of all sources, so what we must learn is how to get from G-d our Ki. Using prayer form, with the right state of mind, we plug in to the wave link and there it is, Ki. [/quote]

To paraphrase, Ki is G-d-given mental energy we receive when we pray with our minds in the right place. So for 30 pages (p. 22-51), Marx provides his scientific justification for ki. As stated, I've provided relevant excerpts that provide the gist of what Marx wrote. And now for final excerpts that detail how Marx extrapolates this understanding of ki to a healing touch:

P. 93-4

[quote]Remember, Mark, the strange talent with which I, Phil, and others with the gift to rebuild the nervous system, relieve the pressures and tensions, and correct ailments by is energizing the Holy Spirit. We accomplish this by placing our fingers over nerves and nerve relay centers, automatically generating the energy or Ki complementary to that of the patient.

[skip]

Some people ask, "Why doesn't everyone know about this revolutionary new method of treating physical and mental disorders?" But, Mark, the answer is that it is not a new revolutionary method. It is as old as the world. It is simply a lost art to many. The Bible records that some people in ancient days, and some in the New Testament had the understanding and wisdom of healing through the laying of one's hands... The power that passes through my hands resides in everyone.

From birth to adolescence, the body receives nerve fuel (chi) by radiation from G-d... [/quote]

Marx continues on in that vein by saying that when we become adults, we need to have sex and sexual stimulation in order to generate the energy necessary for our bodies to optimally function (p. 96-7).

Based on Marx's teachings and understandings of the world, in general, one needs to plug in to G-d via prayer to get Ki/energy, and one needs to plug into a woman in order to get further energy for good health.

This section is the gist of Marx's Ki theories spread over 80 pages. Anyone with further interest in this topic should get a copy of "MAS" and read it accordingly.


[i]Psychosomatic Origin of Physical & Mental Illness[/i]

Marx asserts that while some illnesses have a physical/biological origin, many are considered as psychosomatic due to negative emotions and cognitive processes (p. 82). This is a relatively well-understood concept in modern medicine. Researchers have long drawn associations between stressed lives and heart problems, and Marx mentions anxiety and panic attacks. However, further down on the page, Marx provides a listing of diseases that he says are "usually psychosomatic."

This list includes:

[LIST] [*]Common Cold [*]Pulmonary Tuberculosis [*]Multiple Sclerosis [*]Hypoglycemia [*]Impotence/Infertility in men [*]Habitual abortion and frigidity in women [/LIST]

No reasonable person disputes the link between stress and a diminished immune system. However, no reasonable person would say that conditions like the common cold or multiple sclerosis are psychologically caused. Marx tries to justify this list of symptoms by saying that since negative emotions can reduce immune function, "all illness may have an emotional background. (p. 83-4)" In the case of the common cold, researchers have conclusively determined the [i]viral[/i] origin of the disease, not the psychosomatic one that Marx states on p. 83. Marx's attempt to weasel out by saying that he meant "predisposition to disease" rather than "cause of disease." Right before he gives the list of diseases "classified as psychosomatic," he states the following:

P. 82

Since many of you readers may not be familiar with the conditions which physicians usually consider as psychosomatic [editorial emphasis], a number of the more common ones are listed here. To include them all would be like printing a large part of a medical dictionary... Some of the illnesses are, in the opinion of these authors, as follows.

Had Marx simply left the matter at "Stress & negative emotions predispose us to illness", there would be no controversy with this section of the book whatsoever. However, he goes so far as to classify diseases as psychosomatic in origin based entirely off the works of a Dr. Hans Selye.


Miscellaneous

Here are some miscellaneous tidbits present in the book that are pertinent, but don't necessarily fall under a massive heading as the above did.

1. "MAS" has at least 9 typos, one of which was a major typo in a subheading called "Castrointestinal Tract" (p. 62). For a published work 24 years in the making, typed up by a separate person, and meant to be a scientific and philosophical work, that is absolutely ridiculous.

2. In addition to plagiarism issues concerning "MAS" and "Martial Arts Therapy" (see Plagiarism section in Appendix A), Marx plagiarized his own list of psychosomatic illnesses. The first appearance of the list was in a letter from 1976. The second appearance was in a letter two years later in 1978, word for word with minimal changes (p. 82 and 122, respectively)

3. Describes mononucleosis as "a condition resulting from emotional repression and sexual starvation [in adolescence] (p. 97)" and mental illness as "purely and simply tension in the magnetic field. (p. 100)." Similar explanations exist for cancer (low life energy in cells; p. 99), glaucoma (lack of energy in the eye; p. 97), and arthritis (weak magnetic fields unable to keep calcium liquid in the body; p. 98)

4. Despite Marx's constant reminder that his Keichu-do system had no Oriental/Asian influences, particularly Karate, on page 14 of "MAS", he clearly states, "In 1960 [ed. note - when he was 23-24 years old] I was inspired to create another aspect of life, through physical exercise and self-defense [u][COLOR="DarkOrange"]in the forms of Jiu-Jitsu and Karate.[/COLOR][/u] [emphasis added] Utilizing my many years' experience in self-defense, I created Keichu." This is on top of him beginning his first letter by saying "When you know me, you observe Oriental thought process in philosophy. (P. 2-3)"



Wow, that was long. So let's recap:

Occult

1. Marx was involved with at least 2 occult groups - PL and SMC. PL is stated as the foundation for the mental aspect of Keichu philosophy.

2. Despite saying he'd modify or remove the Occult aspects from his letters, they remain, and there are some instances where he doesn't qualify some of his statements. This implies that the origin/basis for some of Keichu-Do is from an occult group.

---

Ki

1. Ki is a divine gift from G-d to Man.

2. Thought, as a form of Ki, is understood as equivalent to heat, sound, and light through the laws of physics, and unknown scientists have measured, studied, and provided hypotheses regarding the functionality of ki. Thought is considered more powerful than these other forces.

3. The source of ki is G-d. Ki is stored in the brain, which acts as a built-in generator of that ki. In our youth, we receive ki from radiation generated by G-d.

4. Through prayer and proper mental focus, we can receive ki by "plugging into the wave link." Through proper touch, this ki can heal essentially every human ailment known to man.

5. When we get older, sexual stimulation is necessary to provide us with the extra energy we need.


Origin of Physical & Mental Disease

1. The number of "psychosomatic illnesses" are so great that it would be like copying out of a medical dictionary to list them all.

2. This list includes the common cold, impotence/infertility in men, and Multiple Sclerosis.

3. Marx implies that a significant number of physicians believe in the psychosomatic origin of this myriad of diseases, rather than psychological stress making us predisposed to physical illness.


Miscellaneous (restated, as they were already basic)

1. "MAS" is has many typos and other errors of a technical nature.

2. Marx not only plagiarized between two of his own works, he plagiarized himself within the same work.

3. Mental illness, cancer, glaucoma, and arthritis are caused by fluctuations in magnetic fields and life energy. Mono is due to sexual starvation and emotional repression.

4. Marx makes at least two mentions of Oriental influences on his creation of Keichu-do.

TO SUMMARIZE THE FACTS:

1. In all three of Marx's books, there is material that was either published before, or was reused in a different context.

2. In some cases, Marx changed his own writings to be more palatable for a different audience.

3. Marx never acknowledged that the material was previously published in any place that he has published, giving a false impression that the material was new and novel.

4. Most significantly, Marx's written works show that the material from his 1979 doctoral thesis was apparently created 5 years prior in letters to a colleague, based on near-verbatim comparisons of those two works. Either that, or Marx has attempted to update his work by including material not in the original letter. This is discussed in the "Reactions" section for "Martial Arts Spirit."

APPENDIX A:

MARX’S SELF-PLAGARISM WITHOUT ATTRIBUTION

On several occasions, Karl W. Marx has plagiarized works and republished them in other areas. However, the person he plagiarizes... is himself. Material from Marx's 3 written works have shown up elsewhere on the Internet without any indication that the material had been borrowed from other works. The end result is that Marx is trying to get acclaim for the same material in alternative venues.

Conventionally, authors will publish a work in one venue, then perhaps publish a new or derivative work elsewhere, scrupulously noting where the material came from. In Marx's case, the material has been copied verbatim, sometimes with minor alterations to appeal to a different audience.

For example, an article entitled "Habitual Christianity" was published on the Keichu website in December of 2002, as retrieved by the Wayback Machine - [url]http://web.archive.org/web/20030408060326/keichu.com/articles/3.html[/url]

On page 144 of "Martial Arts Spirit," this same article is published verbatim; a word-for-word copy of the article posted on the website. "MAS" was published in 2004, but was meant to be a compendium of letters Marx had written during the 70's. One wonders which came first, the online article or the written one. In either event, Marx neglected to indicate in both sources that it had been previously published elsewhere.

Within "MAS," Marx self-plagiarizes by using a near word-for-word copy of illnesses caused by "mental attacks" in two separate letters to the same person. In March 1976 (page 82-3), Marx wrote of 8 categories of illness, some of which included " habitual abortion" and "esophageal spasm." Two years later, the same list of symptoms is included in what is portrayed as letters sent to a friend. It's questionable as to why this same list of complex terms is sent in two separate letters.

Additionally, in "MAS", Marx plagiarizes portions from "Martial Arts Therapy" with only minor alterations in the text. Starting on page 32 of "MAS", Marx repeats word-for-word sections from page 8 and pages 29 and onward of "MAT." However, Marx makes minor additions to the "MAS" version by adding Keichu-do into the paragraph. Here is an example:

P. 33 of "MAS"


The ultimate goal of Keichu-Do as well as Tae-Kwon-Do is the development of the various mental and physical potentials of the practitioner... Keichu-do and the Martial Arts provide the practitioner with a structured program that is conducive to the development of all these traits


The bolded portions in the quote box indicate where words were added in for "MAS" that were not present in "MAT." To recap, "MAT" is a work published in 2005 that was a copy of a document reportedly created in 1979. "MAS" is a work published in 2004 that were copies of documents created from 1974-1979. The above-quoted section is from a letter in 1974. This circumstance is possibly due to the following:

1. Marx plagiarized, word-for-word, material from a 1974 letter to a colleague and made minor edits to it that omitted the mention of Keichu-Do in his 1979 doctoral thesis and/or "Martial Arts Therapy (2005)." (Most likely, in my opinion)

2. Marx plagiarized, word-for-word, material from "MAT (2005)" or his doctoral thesis (1979) and made minor edits to it that added the mention of Keichu-Do for his work "MAS (2004)", which was based on letters reportedly sent in 1974. (Less likely)

3. Marx created material independent of all of his written works, and has inserted it into those works published in 2004 or 2005. (Also less likely).

In his autobiographical "If I Can Do It, Anyone Can," Marx has a section called "The Next Edition", which starts off with an article called "'What's the Matter, Lord?' You are Karl." The article has sections lifted verbatim from a Christian Martial Arts newsletter that Marx was a frequent contributor to, as seen at this link: [url]http://www.gmaf.org/gmaf_newsletters24.html[/url]. Additionally, there are further verbatim liftings of his own work from the old Keichu website, as seen here: [url]http://web.archive.org/web/20030408060741/keichu.com/articles/1.html[/url]

The GMAF newsletter was published in August 2000; the Keichu website posting was December 2002. "If I Can Do It, Anyone Can" was published in 2004. For this particularly story, it was self-plagiarized twice in two separate places.

A final, extensive instance of self-plagiarism worth mentioning again deals with the GMAF newsletter and with "Martial Arts Therapy." From March - August 2005, over three separate newsletters ([url]http://www.gmaf.org/gmaf_newsletters59.html[/url] / [url]http://www.gmaf.org/gmaf_newsletters60.html[/url] / [url]http://www.gmaf.org/gmaf_newsletters61.html)[/url], Marx lifted material from "MAT" and posted it in these newsletters. A particularly noteworthy change in material from the published "MAT" and the first newsletter is that Marx states the following:


"When dealing with specific areas of illness or physical or mental disability, (which I define as disharmony with the God's Will.)"

In the same section of his book, Marx uses a description other than "G-d's Will" for how he defines physical/mental disability. He essentially changed his language to a more Christian-friendly one for the sake of the newsletter rather than let the merits of his arguments rest on his original secular writings.

"So what's the big deal?

The big deal is that Marx is violating fundamental principles of being a researcher, writer, and author. In an academic setting or for publishing in a peer-reviewed journal, you can get into major trouble if you attempt to pass off previously published information as new. In fact, within the academic setting, you could be potentially expelled for plagiarism, regardless of who you're plagiarizing.

Further, even if Marx is a brilliant, authoritative writer, the fact he needs to copy himself word-for-word across many sources indicates that he needs to republish this information in order to make a statement. This falls in line with the fact that in all three of his published works, Marx has self-plagiarized material present within all of them.

1. In all three of Marx's books, there is material that was either published before, or was reused in a different context.

2. In some cases, Marx changed his own writings to be more palatable for a different audience.

3. Marx never acknowledged that the material was previously published in any place that he has published, giving a false impression that the material was new and novel.

4. Most significantly, Marx's written works show that the material from his 1979 doctoral thesis was apparently created 5 years prior in letters to a colleague, based on near-verbatim comparisons of those two works. Either that, or Marx has attempted to update his work by including material not in the original letter. This is discussed in the "Reactions" section for "Martial Arts Spirit."


Appendix B: Inventory from State of Louisiana Library Archives.

Contents include:

1. Issues of "Kung Fu" Magazine 2. Issues of "Warriors" Magazine 3. Issues of "Black Belt" magazine from 1975-1986 4. Issues of "Black Belt" magazine from 1963-1974. 5. ... of "Inside Karate" 6. ... of "Kick Illustrated" 7. ... of "Tae Kwon Do Times" 8. ... of "Traditional Tae Kwon Do" Magazine 9. Certificates, handouts, correspondence (1964-1989), instruction books and Black Belt Credos written by Karl Marx's pupils. 10. Issues of "Karate Illustrated" 11. ... of "Fighting Stars" 12. ... of "Action Black Belt. 13. ... of "American Karate." 14. ... of "Official Karate" magazine 15. 2 photo items of patches, photographs and articles, 1 karate video tape FOrt Polk karate roll book and "several karate magazines." 16. By-laws of World Kyung-Chung-Do self defense federation, Sept 1979; 2 bound publications written in French. One appears to be an instruction manual and the other a corporation charter; newspaper clippings; a class record from Northwestern State U. in Natchitoches, and one folder of correspondence, 1980-1981 written in French

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