Muso Shinden Ryu

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An Article by Dave Humm


hakudo.jpg


Contents

Background/History

Hakudo Nakayama, (pictured) also known as Hiromichi Nakayama (1869-1958) is the founder of the School of Japanese swordsmanship known as Muso Shinden Ryu. 夢想神伝流居


This can be translated as: A style developed according to a divine vision seen in a dream


Although the origins of this discipline stem from Koryu, MSRI didn't adopt this name until 1933, prior to which, it was know as Muso Shinden Ryu Batto-Jutsu. The techniques of the Ryu primarily come from the Shimomura-ha of Hasegawa Eishin-ryu, with some additional waza by Nakayama but, it traces it’s roots back to the sixteenth century, to Hayashizaki Jinsuke Minamoto no Shigenobu, who developed the first systemised school of iai.


Lineage of the Ryu

This section lists the Muso Shinden Ryu lineage, from its founder until Nakayama Hakudo who originally studied the Muso Jikiden Eishin-ryu style of Iaido. Due to various circumstances Nakayama practised both the Shimomura-ha and Tanimura-ha branches of Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu, and became the Shimomura-ha branch's 16th grandmaster.


After Nakayama introduced the Muso Shinden Ryu, the Shimomura-ha branch eventually faded into obscurity.


Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu


1. Hayashizaki Jinsuke Shigenobu 林崎甚助重信


2. Tamiya Heibei Shigemasa 田宮平兵衛重正


3. Nagano Muraku Nyudo Kinrosai 長野無楽入道


4. Momo Gumbei Misushige 百々軍兵衛重


5. Arikawa Shozaemon Munetsugu 蟻川正左ヱ門宗


6. Banno Dan'emon no Jo Nobusada 万野団右ヱ門信定


7. Hasegawa Chikaranosuke Eishin (Hidenobu) 長谷川主税助英信


8. Arai Seitetsu Kiyonobu 荒井勢哲清信


9. Hayashi Rokudayu Morimasa 林六太夫守政


10. Hayashi Yasudayu Seisho 林安太夫政


11. Oguro Motoemon Kiyokatsu 大黒元右ヱ門清勝


Muso Shinden-ryu (Shimomura-ha Muso Jikiden Eishin-ryu)


12. Matsuyoshi Teisuke (Shinsuke) Hisanari 松吉貞助久成


13. Yamakawa Kyuzo Yukikatsu (Yukio) 山川久蔵幸雄


14. Shimomura (Tsubouchi) Moichi (Seisure) Sadamasa 下村茂市定政


15. Hosokawa (Gisho) Yoshimasa (Yoshiuma) (After Oe Masamichi Shikei) 細川義昌


16. Nakayama (Hakudo) (Yushin) Hiromichi 中山博道


17. Hashimoto Toyo 橋本


18. Saito Tsamu


Tanimura-ha Muso Jikiden Eishin-ryu


12. Hayashi Masu no Jo Masanari 林益之丞政


13. Yoda Manzo Yorikatsud. 依田万蔵勝


14. Hayashi Yadayu Masayorid. 林弥太夫


15. Tanimura Kame no Jo Yorikatsud. 谷村


16. Goto Magobei Masasuked. 五藤


17. Oe Masamichi Shikeib. 大江正路


18. Hokiyama Namio (1) Masaoka Kazumi (2) 穂岐山波雄 政岡実


19. Fukui Harumasa (1) Narise Sakahiro (2) 福井春 成瀬 広


20. Kono Hyakuren (1) Miura Takeyuki (2) 河野百錬 三浦武之


21. Fukui Torao (1) 福井


22. Ikeda (1)


1 According to the Zen Nihon Iaido Renmei.


2 According to the Nippon Kobudo Jikishin-Kai.


Techniques and Training

  • Shoden - Entry level / entry-transmission
  • Chuden - Middle level / middle-transmission
  • Okuden - Advanced level / inner-transmission


The word Shoden can be translated as the entry-transmission, and was derived from the Omori-ryu Iaido. Omori-ryu was said to have been created by Hayashi Rokudayu Morimasa, the ninth headmaster of the Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu, who lived from 1661 until 1732. It has been included in Muso Shinden Ryu at the entry level, and contains the following techniques:


  • Shohatto 初発刀
  • Sato (hadari-to) 左刀
  • Uto (Migi-to) 右刀
  • Atarito 当刀
  • Inyoshintai 陰様進退
  • Ryuto 流刀
  • Junto (kaishaku) 順刀
  • Gyakuto 逆刀
  • Seichuto 勢中刀
  • Koranto 虚乱刀
  • Inyoshintai kaewaza 陰様進退替技
  • Nukiuchi 抜打


The word Chuden can be translated as the middle-transmission, and was derived from the Hasegawa Eishin-ryu Iaido. Originally created in the seventeenth century by Hasegawa Chikaranosuke Eishin (Hidenobu), who was the seventh undisputed headmaster of the Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu. Hasegawa Eishin Ryu has been included in the Muso Shinden Ryu at the middle level. It contains the following techniques:


  • Yokogumo 横雲
  • Tora issoku 虎一足
  • Inazuma 稲妻
  • Ukigumo 浮雲
  • Yamaoroshi 山颪
  • Iwanami 岩浪
  • Namigaeshi 鱗返
  • Urokogaeshi 波返
  • Takiotoshi 滝落
  • Nukiuchi 抜打


The word Okuden can be translated as the inner-transmission. Nakayama's Oku-iai is divided into two groups, Suwari-waza, and Tachi-waza; sitting and standing techniques.


Suwari-waza


  • Kasumi 霞
  • Sunekakoi 脛囲
  • Shihogiri 四方切
  • Tozume 戸詰
  • Towaki 戸脇
  • Tanashita 棚下
  • Ryozume 両詰
  • Torabashiri 虎走


Tachi-waza


  • Yukizure 行連
  • Tsure-dachi 連�� ち
  • Somakuri 惣巻
  • Sodome 総留
  • Shinobu 信夫
  • Yukichigai 行違
  • Sodesuri-gaeshi 袖摺返
  • Mon-iri 門入
  • Kabezoi 壁添
  • Uke-nagashi 受流
  • Itomagoi 暇乞
  • Itomagoi 暇乞 These three waza are variations on one theme
  • Itomagoi 暇乞
  • Ryohi-hikitsure 両ひ引連
  • Oikake-giri 追掛切
  • Gishiki 儀式


Training is kata based and normally conducted in small classes, students begin their study using a bokken - a wooden training weapon representing the Japanese sword. Progression to the use of an Iaito (sword specifically designed for the study of iai) will be at the instructor's discretion and only when the student has developed an understanding for the basic skills involved in handling a Japanese sword. Typically these include etiquette together with correct and safe handling.


In most cases a student will only ever use an iaito - this type of sword is made of a composite alloy and is not designed to carry a live edge. However; as a student becomes far more skilled they may begin study of tamashigiri - test cutting, this requires the use of a shinken - a live edged sword.


It is debated within many schools whether daily practice should be conducted with shinken rather than iaito above a certain level of skill however; whilst that argument of developing a higher understanding and skill when employing shinken may be true, we no longer live in an era where kenshi - swordsman - exist for anything other than maintaining a living historical reference therefore; study with iaito is often considered by far the safest and quite adequate means of development.


Weapons

The sword is not the most ancient weapon of Japan, but it was the most sophisticated one, and for a number of centuries occupied the central and most important position in the martial training of the Bushi. 武士 samurai classes


The following three pictures are of a gendaito shinken (modern live edge sword) made around 10 years ago and is one of three in my collection.


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Further Reading

Kendo.org


europeaniaidoassociation.com


kendo-fik.org


koryu.com


jikishin-kai.com


Associated arts/activities

Kendo : Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu : Tamashigiri : Seitei Iai

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